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Les ressources en eau dans le dir de l'atlas de Béni Mellal : problèmes de gestion et développement local

Abstract : This research study deals with the issue of water contribution to local development in the Dir area. The issue is of a paramount importance today both locally and globally. The world as a whole and the Mediterranean region in particular lives under climate changes and the effects of global warming, with a succession of long periods of drought and irregular rainfalls. On the local level, the successive periods of drought in the Atlas mountainous area have caused a significant decline in the amount of water reserves and resources in the Dir area. The succession of extreme weather conditions such as unusual floods and droughts undermine the contribution of water resources to local development. The alarmingly growing population as a result of emigration towards the Dir area has led to a significant expansion of unstructured and poorly planned urban areas, causing serious environmental problems such as the loss of fertile agricultural land, the expansion of pockets of poverty, and the increase in the number of unemployed people in the Dir area. The contamination of water resources due to the absence of sewage networks in most villages and the ineffective methods of organizing and using water reserves are a real obstacle to development in the Dir area. This requires the implementation of more rational irrigation methods to save existing water resources. All these obstacles make water resources unable to play an effective and leading role in the local development of the Dir area. The provision of technical, social and economic conditions as well as other complementary components can contribute to the development of the Dir area.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 13, 2018 - 2:57:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 3:38:16 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, May 5, 2018 - 6:18:00 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01708289, version 1


Abdelouahed Finigue. Les ressources en eau dans le dir de l'atlas de Béni Mellal : problèmes de gestion et développement local. Géographie. Université d'Angers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0016⟩. ⟨tel-01708289⟩



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