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Theses

La protection de la substance du droit par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme

Abstract : The mysterious notion of protection of the essence of the right has in European Court's case- law, as in comparative legal systems, a double dimension: it seems instinctively to be linked to an ideal vision of the law, drawing its roots in the jusnaturalist ideology, and possesses an absolute meaning. It implies admitting the existence of a specific essence, inherent to one or another right itself, and prone to a full and unconditional protection. However, theoretical and above all practical limits against the absolute conception of the notion in the Court's case-law are numerous. These limits converge towards the idea of a main support from the European judge to a realistic perception. Understood only as a tool for the judge, it covers then a relative conception, the protection of the essence of the right being often assimilated – in fact, and even within the principles – to the proportionality rule by the ECtHR. In front of the global and deep ambivalence of the related case-law, it appears necessary to rethink this notion, keeping in mind its precious purpose inside of the system of the ECHR.
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Olivia Rouziere-Beaulieu. La protection de la substance du droit par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme. Droit. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTD015⟩. ⟨tel-01707106⟩

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