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Codage neural parcimonieux pour un système de vision

Abstract : The neural networks have gained a renewed interest through the deep learning paradigm. Whilethe so called optimised neural nets, by optimising the parameters necessary for learning, require massive computational resources, we focus here on neural nets designed as addressable content memories, or neural associative memories. The challenge consists in realising operations, traditionally obtained through computation, exclusively with neural memory in order to limit the need in computational resources. In this thesis, we study an associative memory based on cliques, whose sparse neural coding optimises the data diversity encoded in the network. This large diversity allows the clique based network to be more efficient in messages retrieval from its memory than other neural associative memories. The associative memories are known for their incapacity to identify without ambiguities the messages stored in a saturated memory. Indeed, depending of the information present in the network and its encoding, a memory can fail to retrieve a desired result. We are interested in tackle this issue and propose several contributions in order to reduce the ambiguities in the cliques based neural network. Besides, these cliques based nets are unable to retrieve an information within their memories if the message is unknown. We propose a solution to this problem through a new associative memory based on cliques which preserves the initial network's corrective ability while being able to hierarchise the information. The hierarchy relies on a surjective and bidirectional transition to generalise an unknown input with an approximation of learnt information. The associative memories' experimental validation is usually based on low dimension artificial dataset. In the computer vision context, we report here the results obtained with real datasets used in the state-of-the-art, such as MNIST, Yale or CIFAR.
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Romain Huet. Codage neural parcimonieux pour un système de vision. Informatique. Université de Bretagne Sud, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORIS439⟩. ⟨tel-01706882⟩

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