Danse contemporaine, genre et féminisme en France (1968-2015)

Abstract : This thesis analyses a complex question linkingcontemporary dance, gender and feminism in Francefrom 1968 to 2015. Dance shares the concerns offeminist activists regarding issues of identity, sexuality, emancipation, the deconstruction of gender andbinarisms, of universalist research and femaleness. Thisstudy examines how feminism informed artists who,whatever the era, had difficulty admitting that they werefeminists or seeing their art as an expression of theircommitment. Considering the subversive potential ofdance implies an analysis of its relationship with gender,in particular the female gender, as well as the real andsymbolic place of women. Preconceived ideas andstereotypes thus confront reality. The year 1968 markeda turning point for society and for dance, including froma political point of view. Dance came into its own at thesame time that second-wave feminism came to the fore.The reconfiguration of the relationships between danceand feminism that occurred over this 50-year periodallows one to assess reciprocal influences and topostulate the existence of a feminist dance. Comparingfemale choreographers' modes of expression with thoseof men, facilitates the understanding of genderedconstructions and their potential for challengingheteronormativity and androcentrism. How do the majorpolitical changes (establishment of the NCCs,management changes, parity, etc.), feminists(appearance of a third wave, etc.), aesthetics andmediatisation nurture dance as a means of expressionof gender and feminism? The generalisation of nudityand the queerisation of dance suggest the passage fromthe transgression of gender to its subversion. Thisthesis aims to understand how third-wave feminism,more open to cultural and intersectional dimensions,enabled dance to be feminist.
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Pauline Boivineau. Danse contemporaine, genre et féminisme en France (1968-2015). Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ANGE0034⟩. ⟨tel-01704563⟩

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