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Modernisation, marchés du travail et circulation en Inde : Une approche mixte et multi-scalaire des migrations de travail

Abstract : The multiple economic, political and social changes that occurred in India since the liberalizationprocess initiated in the 1980’s altered the organization and the structure of labour. These structuralchanges reshaped migratory practices depending on workforce demand. This dissertation examineshow the labour market structuration in India has contributed to changing internal migration flows andhow migratory practices evolved. Therefore, to identify the links between labour markets andmigration flows, this study combines macro and micro levels of analysis. The dissertation is organizedas follows. The literature review synthetizes migration theories. Then, in the first part, we propose amacroeconomic analysis of the links between labour market and migration. Through a labour markettypology elaborated for different regions of India, we spatialize migration flows. In the second part,with a microeconomic focus and a mixed approach that combines both qualitative results from ourfieldwork conducted between 2010 and 2014 and quantitative results, we study the evolutions oflabour migration in rural Tamil Nadu. We identify migration patterns and establish the existence of adiversity of migratory practices.
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Sébastien Michiels. Modernisation, marchés du travail et circulation en Inde : Une approche mixte et multi-scalaire des migrations de travail. Economies et finances. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0080⟩. ⟨tel-01704245⟩

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