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Bien et bonheur chez Kant

Abstract : Two conceptions of the union of the good and the happiness generally oppose. According to the first, to be conscious of the good is enough for being happy. And according to the second, to be conscious of the happiness is enough for being virtuous. This thesis shows that it is possible to resolve this opposition, by a synthesis of concepts (between the good and the happiness). For Kant, it is possible to unite the virtue (the supreme good) and the happiness, that is to say to unite the « moral » and the natural life of the man. It is question to realize the « moral » destination of the man. For that, it is necessary to find an agreement between the supreme good and the happiness. It is possible notably by the peace, which is for Kant the agreement between the men, as the purpose for the human race. For Kant, the « moral » must be thought in a transcendental way, and not empirical. That is why, the total and definitive union of the virtue and the happiness is impossible. However, this ideal leads the man and the society to a continual transformation (an improvement of oneself), that is to lead together the futures generations of the supreme purpose (the highest good).
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Florian Ganier. Bien et bonheur chez Kant. Philosophie. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC0019⟩. ⟨tel-01704236⟩

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