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Contribution to nonsmooth Lyapunov stability of differential inclusions with maximal monotone operators

Abstract : In this PhD thesis, we make some contributions to nonsmooth Lyapunov stability of first-order differential inclusions with maximal monotone operators, in the setting of infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. We provide primal and dual explicit characterizations for parameterized weak and strong Lyapunov pairs of lower semicontinuous extended-real-valued functions, referred to as a-Lyapunov pairs, associated to differential inclusions with right-hand-sides governed by Lipschitz or Cusco perturbationsF of maximal monotone operators A, x(t) ∈ F(x(t}} A(x(t}} t ≥ 0, x(0) ∈ domA. Equivalently, we study the weak and strong invariance of sets with respect to such differential inclusions. As in the classical Lyapunov approach to the stability of differential equations, the presented results make use of only the data of the differential system; that is, the operator A and the multifunction F, and so no need to know about the solutions, nor the semi-groups generated by the monotone operators. Because our Lyapunov pairs and invariant sets candidates are just lower semicontinuous and closed, respectively, we make use of nonsmooth analysis to provide first-order-like criteria using general subdifferentials and normal cones. We provide similar analysis to non-convex differential inclusions governed by proximal normal cones to prox-regular sets. Our analysis above allowed to prove that such apparently more general systems can be easily coined into our convex setting. We also use our results to study the geometry of maximal monotone operators, and specifically, the characterization of the boundary of the values of such operators by means only of the values at nearby points, which are distinct of the reference point. This result has its application in the stability of semi-infinite programming problems. We also use our results on Lyapunov pairs and invariant sets to provide a systematic study of Luenberger-like observers design for differential inclusions with normal cones to prox-regular sets.
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Bao Tran Nguyen. Contribution to nonsmooth Lyapunov stability of differential inclusions with maximal monotone operators. Classical Analysis and ODEs [math.CA]. Université de Limoges, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0062⟩. ⟨tel-01704064⟩

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