Aspects évolutifs de l’agir professoral dans le domaine de l’enseignement des langues : une étude à travers les discours de verbalisation de six enseignants de français langue étrangère et de chinois langue étrangère

Abstract : This dissertation is devoted to reconstructing the dynamics of foreign language teachers’ thinking by a multimodal and longitudinal approach. Focused on the field of Applied Linguistics and teacher cognition in particular, the present work is part of a multidisciplinary theoretical framework co-constructed of Social constructivism and Emergentism. This study involved six teachers of French as a foreign language (FFL) and Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) working in China and in France, each being followed up for one semester, through classroom observation and different kinds of interviews (semi-directive interviews and stimulated recall). Their verbalization was then analyzed by a mixed approach combining content analysis and discourse analysis. Besides an instable self-image characterized by multi-identity, emerge from each teacher’s discourse a knowledge and belief system and its historicity, subjectivity, contextuality and contradiction. The validity of Activity Theory is confirmed by a division of labour based on learners’ profiles that the teacher typifies. The importance of embodied action is dependent on the expected outcome. Teachers wish to not only complete their teaching activity but also reach an effect which is an integrated part of their thinking patterns. The non-linearity of context changing explains the updating of teacher’s thinking and practice. Teacher cognition’s complexity is structured around a dynamic between intentionality, embodied action and situational constraints. The break of reflexivity during action, discovered in neurosciences and validated here in a human and social sciences’ methodology, constitutes the key contribution of this work.
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Lin Xue. Aspects évolutifs de l’agir professoral dans le domaine de l’enseignement des langues : une étude à travers les discours de verbalisation de six enseignants de français langue étrangère et de chinois langue étrangère. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCA148⟩. ⟨tel-01703594⟩

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