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Gestion des effets thermiques dans des fibres actives à très grande aire modale pour la montée en puissance des sources laser à 2μm

Abstract : This work deals with the development of an original leaky structure of optical fiber aiming at generating a high power laser radiation at 2μm in CW and pulsed regimes. The management of thermal effects in high power/energy regime became a major issue, in particular to push further the transverse modal instabilities threshold. Our approach consists in breaking the symmetry of the microstructured fiber cladding for to improve the delocalization of the high order modes outside of the gain medium. Thus, an effective single-mode propagation at a 2μm operating wavelength was first demonstrated into a passive aperiodic fibers whose the core diameter reaches up to 140 μm. After implementing some Stress Applying Parts over our aperiodic design, a PER of 16.5dB was achieved at 2μm using a single polarization passive FA-LPF with a core of 140 μm. Thence, a numerical study on the tailoring the active core refractive index has been carried out so as to fend off the threshold of multimodedness. Additionally, the first LMA Tm-doped fiber (Dcoeur = 18μm) fabricated by the REPUSIL method and showing an efficiency of 50% is demonstrated. Thereafter, the fabrication of the first rod-type Tm-doped FA-LPF with reduced cladding is shown. A 29 μm core FA-LPF was characterized in laser configuration, leading to an effective single-mode emission of 3.8W of average power at 2μm strictly restricted by the available pump power and an efficiency of 20%.
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Dia Darwich. Gestion des effets thermiques dans des fibres actives à très grande aire modale pour la montée en puissance des sources laser à 2μm. Optique / photonique. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0085⟩. ⟨tel-01703386⟩

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