Metz, une ville fortifiée : étude des comptes des gouverneurs des murs de la ville (1463-1543)

Abstract : Metz in the Middle Ages is a city that gradually managed to free itself from imperial tutelage. The Golden Age of the city corresponds to this conquest of urban autonomy. As early as the thirteenth century, a republic was established and organized as a real, rich and powerful state. The city then fuels the lust of its neighbors and must protect itself. The old fortifications, too narrow, were replaced by a new enclosure more than five kilometers long. It is built between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. An administration devoted to the construction and maintenance of the ramparts is then put in place. Written on parchment until the sixteenth century, the « counts of the Governors of the Walls » of the city of Metz testify to the nature, the cost and the progress of the various works carried out on the enclosure. This thesis proposes to analyze this accounting by highlighting the complexity of this administration. It will be a question of studying the provenance and use of the funds and of demonstrating the preponderant role played by the men of the city. All contributed to the edifice, whether they were workers, craftsmen, corvees or lords. The study of the nature and use of materials will not be left out and will show the evolution of the techniques of fortifications and armaments. The transcription and analysis of these accounts, so far relatively neglected by historical research and the study of the chronicles of the time, will complement our knowledge of the Metz enclosure
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Mylène Didiot. Metz, une ville fortifiée : étude des comptes des gouverneurs des murs de la ville (1463-1543). Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0230⟩. ⟨tel-01703197⟩

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