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Le métissage culturel comme générateur d’ambiances et de formes urbaines spécifiques : les quartiers de Capaci Piccolo et Capaci Grandi à Sousse, à la croisée des cultures ambiantales et urbaines italienne, française et tunisienne

Abstract : Colonization and immigration create areas called “in-between spaces”. Limits betweencultures and identities in these “in-between spaces” are coming under some question.As a result, multiple cultural mixings are generating. As part of our research, wefocused specifically on two districts located in the city of Sousse, in the central-east of Tunisia, known as Gabadgi El Foukani and Gabadgi Loutani, or in Sicilian « Capaci Supra e Capaci Jusu3».These two districts take on Sicilian locality name, Capaci. The most interesting fact is that these places, not only, were built and occupied by mixed populations, mostly Sicilian immigrant, but also there were other communities well diversified in terms of nationalities and beliefs. These districts were then gradually reinvested by an exclusively Tunisian population.The historical and social context of these districts has led us to focus our attention on the relationship between ambiances, urban public space and the notion of cultural mixing. Verification of the hypothesis of persistent specific ambient characteristics is a real scientific challenge for this search. We have chosen the notion of cultural mixing more than another form of mixing since it presents itself as a temporal thought. We were therefore led to question the ambiences of the districts by apprehending the cultural mixing as becoming, as born transformation process of meeting others, and as an internalized experience over time.Our work methodology is deployed in three movements that have crossed and enrichedeach other: Observe & tell, describe, and experiment. The first two phases were moreconcentrated on working on the site. The third phase was presented in the form of anexperiment developed under the aegis of an installation-projection.
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Toumadher Ammar. Le métissage culturel comme générateur d’ambiances et de formes urbaines spécifiques : les quartiers de Capaci Piccolo et Capaci Grandi à Sousse, à la croisée des cultures ambiantales et urbaines italienne, française et tunisienne. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAH003⟩. ⟨tel-01701737⟩

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