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Musée national d'art Coréen, un dispositif de transmission de valeurs et de connaissances des arts coréens : Analyse muséologique de la mise en exposition de sarangbang au musées nationaux en République de Corée

Abstract : The aim of this dissertation is to explore the communicational situation of knowledge and values delivered by an art museum in the Republic of Korea. To this end, it approaches a specified type of exhibition device: the restitution of a sarangbang, proposed by the National Museum of Korea and the National Folk Museum of Seoul. The device is here considered as a paradigmatic archetype of Korean artistic productions, and as a condensation of several problems related to the arts and museums of the peninsula.Whether conceived as a visual and material interlude aiming at a contextualization of the exhibited objects in an exhibition gallery, or apprehended as an exhibit only recently created for the museum exhibition, design and perception of this sarangbang within a museum makes use, not only of scientific knowledge relating to the sarangbang as well as to the society and the culture to which it belongs, but also various perspectives relating to the arts, the objects displayed, and to museum visitors.The study of concepts such as the national museum, art, Confucian heritage, and the semio-pragmatic analysis of the restitution of a sarangbang by these two national museums allows us to understand the communicational situation produced around their mise en exposition. With the device of sarangbang, the museums transmit information that selectively reveals the historical facts without acknowledging the existence of many more and possibly different ones. The strategy of popularizing science is framed by subjective criteria, enacted by the state with the political intention of promoting Confucian values within Korean society and the world. In addition, other strategies of popularizing scientific knowledge via iconic signs circulate false visual knowledge, selectively forged at present by curators in art museums.
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Ji Young Park. Musée national d'art Coréen, un dispositif de transmission de valeurs et de connaissances des arts coréens : Analyse muséologique de la mise en exposition de sarangbang au musées nationaux en République de Corée. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université d'Avignon; Université du Québec à Montréal, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AVIG1170⟩. ⟨tel-01701378⟩

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