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Theses

Direct dimethyl ether synthesis from CO2/H2

Abstract : DME is a clean fuel that helps to diminish the emissions of green house gases; it is as well a platform molecule for the energy storage. The objective of the thesis is the development of bifunctional catalytic materials for the direct DME synthesis from CO2/H2 based on Cu/ZnO/ZrO2 as the methanol synthesis from CO2/H2 catalyst and Al-TUD-1 as the methanol dehydration to DME catalyst. In this thesis, Al-TUD-1 was investigated as the methanol dehydration to DME catalyst for the first time. The methanol dehydration to DME performance increases with the decrease of Si/Al ratio. The bifunctional catalysts were prepared by co-precipitation deposition method. The SMSI was demonstrated and was beneficial for the metallic copper dispersion, the metallic copper surface area increases with the Si/Al ratio. In the same time the blockage of acid sites of Al-TUD-1 by copper was observed. In order to expose the acid sites of Al-TUD-1, the core shell method was adopted to prepare the bifunctional catalyst. It helps to free the acid function preventing its blockage by copper. This method of synthesis was beneficial for the stability of metallic copper particles, but performed low conversions of CO2/H2 due to the inaccessibility of the core. Another bifunctional catalyst was prepared by physically mixing method for comparison. The optimization of the bifunctional Cu/ZnO/ZrO2@Al-TUD-1 catalyst for the direct DME synthesis from CO2/H2 allowed enlightening the main parameters that affect the intimate contact of two catalytic functions: copper surface area and dispersion, acid and basic properties, water presence and the accessibility of the active sites for the reactants.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01701135
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Submitted on : Monday, February 5, 2018 - 3:57:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01701135, version 1

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Qian Jiang. Direct dimethyl ether synthesis from CO2/H2. Catalysis. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAF041⟩. ⟨tel-01701135⟩

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