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Propagation et contrôle adaptatif de la lumière amplifiée dans une fibre multimode

Abstract : For a long time, multimode fibers were sparsely investigated because of the spatial and temporal distortions occurring during propagation across the fiber. Those distortions are consequences of mode coupling and modal propagation constant disparity. Although the propagation in a multimode waveguide is complex, it is deterministic and can be controlled by spatial shaping of the excitation. Considering an amplifying medium, the problem, at the heart of this thesis, is more complex because of nonlinear propagation due to heterogeneous gain saturation. Two kinds of Ytterbium doped multimode fiber amplifiers were tested: a step index fiber with a large core diameter and a coupled core multicore fiber. Spatial control of the output of the amplifier was achieved using a deformable mirror in combination with an iterative algorithm. In the case of a continuous wave excitation of the amplifier, we demonstrated that it was possible to confine light in a single-phase spot with a 2,8 W average power and 12 dB gain. We also demonstrated that the spatial shaping of the output has no effect on the amplifier gain. Furthermore, we obtained more complex output fields of multi-spot structure. Finally, focalization through the amplifying fiber was successfully demonstrated in femtosecond regime for which spatio-temporal couplings occur. A 120 kW peak power spot with a gain of 14 dB in a 350 fs pulse was obtained in a first experimental proof of concept. The spatial shaping allows also to control the duration of the amplified pulse by selection of modes with close group velocities.
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Raphaël Florentin. Propagation et contrôle adaptatif de la lumière amplifiée dans une fibre multimode. Optique / photonique. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0069⟩. ⟨tel-01699363⟩

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