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Impact d’une prise en charge par la relaxation psychothérapique sur l’ajustement émotionnel, la qualité de vie et l’image du corps de patients atteints d’un cancer hématologique, hospitalisés en secteur stérile pour une greffe de moelle osseuse

Abstract : Introduction: The psychological care of patients during the process of bone marrowtransplantation for a hematological cancer is part of the therapeutic process. This study hastwo objectives: (1) to test at a short and medium term the impact of psychotherapeuticrelaxation, Sapir’s method, on the psychological adjustment of patients with hematologiccancer hospitalized at a sterile hospital’s room for bone marrow transplantation; (2) toexamine weather dispositional variables (alexithymia, optimism) and transactional variables(coping, perceived social support) can influence this impact.Method: 39 patients were included. The experimental group (N=20) received a care ofpsychotherapeutic relaxation while the control group received a traditional psychologicalfollow-up. Patients were evaluated 4 days before transplantation (T1), 45 days aftertransplantation (T2) and 100 days post-transplantation (T3), respectively. Personalityvariables (alexithymia, optimism), adjustment of cancer variables (emotional state, bodyimage, quality of life) and transactional variables (coping, perceived social support) weremeasured.Results: The patients in the experimental group at T3 are significantly less anxious(p<0.001), experienced a better body satisfaction (p<0.01) and a better physical quality oflife (p≤0.001) than at T1. In patients of the group control, no significant positive or negativemovements are observed by the time on studied variables. Moreover, no significantdifferences are found between two groups on three times of study. The alexithymic patientsof the experimental group are significantly less depressed at T3 (p<0.01) and experienced abetter cognitive (0.01) and emotional (p<0.01) quality of life. The most optimistic patients ofthe experimental group have a better physical (p<0.05) and emotional (p<0.05) quality oflife. In patients of the control group, no moderation of alexithymia and optimism is observedon cancer adjustment. Finally, the mediating effect of coping and perceived social support isnot demonstrated in this study.Conclusion: The psychotherapeutic relaxation has an important place to this population. Thisis confirmed by the illustration of two cases. Finally, due to the small number of subjectsincluded, these results require validation on a larger population.
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Panagiota Kostopoulou-Grolleau. Impact d’une prise en charge par la relaxation psychothérapique sur l’ajustement émotionnel, la qualité de vie et l’image du corps de patients atteints d’un cancer hématologique, hospitalisés en secteur stérile pour une greffe de moelle osseuse. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0363⟩. ⟨tel-01699058⟩

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