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Analyse énactive de l'activité en trail et ultra-trail : une approche multi-sourcing

Abstract : Rooted in the enaction paradigm (Varela et al., 1993), the aim of this thesis was to analyse the activity in trail and ultra-trail running. A multi-sourcing observatory was constructed to conduct our analyses. It was composed of forum discussions posted on the community website of the Raidlight brand, races narratives posted on blogs, enactive interviews and third-person data characterising the vertical oscillations of both the runners and their carrying systems. The results of the discussion forums showed that trail runners share common concerns regarding health and training issues. The results of the blog narratives and enactive interviews analyses characterised trail runners’ activity in race situation, by reporting (a) phenomenological gestalts, which temporal layout identified activity profiles, (b) vitality states, which repartition and temporal organisation differed in finishers and withdrawers and (c) seven key-stages involved in withdrawals. The results of analyses of the use of equipment showed that the sensations of bouncing reported by runners were confirmed by the behavioural data. Taken together, these results suggested that trail runners’ activity can be characterised by different data sources, reporting the various meaningful experiences that trail runners enact in situation. They provide practical and transformative implications for the proposition of an intervention model in sport psychology as well as a proposition of a multi-sourcing conception model for companies, which seek to integrate users in their conception processes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 31, 2018 - 1:57:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 23, 2020 - 3:03:08 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 25, 2018 - 5:32:39 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01697654, version 1


Nadège Rochat. Analyse énactive de l'activité en trail et ultra-trail : une approche multi-sourcing. Education. Normandie Université; Université de Lausanne, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR037⟩. ⟨tel-01697654⟩



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