Propriétés magnétiques du système Pt/Co/AlOx et ses variations sous champ électrique

Abstract : A current challenge in the field of spintronics is the development of functional nanospintronics systems, in which the dimensions of the device are confined to the nanometer scale. The model system is called a single nano-magnet. New possible routes to control its magnetisation could be useful for many applications, in particular, those in the area of information technology. During this PhD, we chose to study the particular effects that are linked to the electric charge accumulation in the nano-magnet. This effect, also known as the electric field effect, were studied on the different magnetic properties of our films. They were probed by magneto-transport and magnetooptical measurements. These measurements were conducted on asymmetric Pt/Co/AlOx trilayers. These structures were sputter-deposited on a wedge shape for the alumina. This leadingto a nanometric control of the oxidation degree of the interface. Then, a wide range of magnetic parameters is available on a unique sample. Systematic caracterization of these structures showed an interesting zone for magnetic properties (spontaneous striped domains, skyrmionic bubbles). The observation of this type of magnetic object is directly linked to the weak Curie temperature(Tc) of this zone (close to room temperature. Skyrmionic bubbles are subject to lots of international studies. They are potentially attractive for memories or logic devices development. The key result of this PhD was to show the strong dependence of magnetic skymionic bubbles with electric field application. The full electrical switch of these objects has been achieved, due to the strong electrical control of the different magnetic properties. To induce electric-field assisted magnetisation reversal/skyrmionic bubbles nucleation, studies were performed for an adapted range of temperatures and anisotropies (room temperature).
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Marine Schott. Propriétés magnétiques du système Pt/Co/AlOx et ses variations sous champ électrique. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAY032⟩. ⟨tel-01696668⟩

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