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Contribution à l'étude de la maladie d'Alzheimer : induction de la production d'amyloïdes beta-42/43 par le fipronil, un pesticide de la famille des phenylpyrazoles : effets cellulaires des Leucettines, une famille d'inhibiteurs des kinases DYRKs/CLKs

Abstract : In the screening of ‘human chemical exposome’ compounds, triazine herbicides and pyrazole insecticides, especially fipronil, have shown their ability to induce β-amyloid -42 and -43 peptide production. As they tend to aggregate into oligomers then into plaques, they are a characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This discovery informs about the potential danger of these products and provides tools to decipher the mechanisms leading to the alteration of the ratio of the different forms of amyloid.Moreover, dysregulation of DYRK1A, involved in trisomy 21, also affects these amyloid peptides, as well as the Tau protein which is then hyperphosphorylated and tends to aggregate into neurofibillar tangles, another characteristic of AD. This same effect on Tau is observed with CDK5 in AD, stroke and brain injury. The development of specific pharmacological inhibitors of these two kinases is therefore an issue for ManRos Therapeutics.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 29, 2018 - 4:16:09 PM
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Morgane Cam. Contribution à l'étude de la maladie d'Alzheimer : induction de la production d'amyloïdes beta-42/43 par le fipronil, un pesticide de la famille des phenylpyrazoles : effets cellulaires des Leucettines, une famille d'inhibiteurs des kinases DYRKs/CLKs. Neurobiologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAJ060⟩. ⟨tel-01695672⟩

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