Méthode EVADE : une approche intégrée pour l’EValuation et l’Aide au DEbriefing

Abstract : Lessons learnt from past accidents emphasize that major crisis management’s limitations are mainly characterised by collective failures (organizational, behavioural and cognitive), absence and/or maladaptive training of actors. Indeed, the training exercises have limitations such as the assessment: it focuses on the technical skills of the group, not on non-technical skills mobilized, and it is not conducted in real time. The presentation of the results during the debriefing is also incomplete. The present work aims to present the EVADE method to assess trainees during crisis management training and feedback them. This method required the upstream creation of a typology of training objectives to be integrated into training and the identification of technical and non-technical skills of a crisis cell. The approach is based on behavioural markers which are used to identify mobilized skills of a group during exercise. The assessment tool is presented, through its construction and its functioning, and it is tested with trainees in crisis management exercises. Various examples of the results of restitution are then proposed for the debriefing.
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Dimitri Lapierre. Méthode EVADE : une approche intégrée pour l’EValuation et l’Aide au DEbriefing. Psychologie. Université de Nîmes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016NIME0001⟩. ⟨tel-01695574⟩

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