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Faraday instability in binary fluids

Abstract : While it is well known that the phenomenon of Faraday instability is a manifestation of vibrational acceleration, its behaviour when both the capillary and gravitational effects vanish, remains unexplored theoretically and experimentally. A detailed experimental and theoretical study is performed to understand the physics of this phenomenon in small rectangular geometry where the proximity of wall results in considerable sidewall stresses. A novel binary liquids system is utilized with low interfacial tension for a near flat interface. Thermal control of fluid system is utilized for achieving reduction in capillary force with study of miscible fluids where interfacial tension reduces to almost zero. In order to discriminate between gravity and capillarity effects, experiments were performed in parabolic flight campaigns. . For the theoretical approach a linear stability analysis is performed through Navier-Stokes equations in a Newtonian incompressible viscous fluid system. This is achieved through a Fourier Floquet method resulting into an eigenvalue problem. Equations are solved by including viscous damping effects for compensating sidewall stresses. Experimentally binary fluids provided a convenient option of changing the coefficient of interfacial tension by temperature control and going through immiscible to miscible system without change of liquid charge. Viscous damping rate is determined experimentally by measuring the linear damping rate. The correction in the theoretical calculations with the viscous damping rate helped in achieving a better understanding of the prediction of the experimental critical amplitude for sub-harmonic and harmonic modes.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 29, 2018 - 2:01:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01695491, version 1

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Vibhor Jajoo. Faraday instability in binary fluids. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0929⟩. ⟨tel-01695491⟩

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