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Un emploi discontinu soutenable ? Trajectoires sociales de saisonniers agricoles et d'artistes du spectacle

Abstract : The sociological analysis of the precariousness fluctuates between disaffiliation risk and alternative to the dominant employment norm. In order to contribute to the debate, this thesis captures this ambivalence by developing an original issue: the “sustainability” of discontinuous employment, in both meaning of what is bearable and what is defensible. The contrasting cases of agricultural seasonal workers and performing artists are compared by means of a biographical and longitudinal survey tracking down their social trajectories. The first part rebuilds the space of possibilities structuring the objective paths of the respondents. On one side, a flexible and relatively invisible agricultural wage-earners keeps theseasonal workers, mainly from the working class, in a precariousness-poverty condition. On the other side, the artists,mainly from the middle and superior classes, politically gather for the defense of the intermittence of the performing arts, implying the possibility of autonomous wages. Then, this disparity is increased when considering the subjective paths. The second part shows how the agricultural employment becomes sustainable as adaptation to the necessity. The discontinuity allows to distance work and to refocus expectations on domestic space and local territory. Conversely, the unsustainability wins when permanent contract reduces the possibility to get away of a job jeopardizing health (condition unsustainability) or when agricultural employment is a consequence of a downgrade (position unsustainability). Finally, the third part illustrate, on the contrary, how performing artists are characterized by a rejection of the social finitude. The artist and intermittent life remains sustainable as long as the pursuit of autonomy in a job, synonym for singularity andvocation, is not jeopardized by a commitment as a surinvestment (condition unsustainability) or a default of specific capital (position unsustainability). The contrasted paths of agricultural seasonal workers and performing artists finallyquestion the thesis of a “precariat” with common conditions and political vision.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 26, 2018 - 4:46:07 PM
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Nicolas Roux. Un emploi discontinu soutenable ? Trajectoires sociales de saisonniers agricoles et d'artistes du spectacle. Sociologie. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017CNAM1143⟩. ⟨tel-01694009⟩



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