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Mémoires embarquées non volatiles à grille flottante : challenges technologiques et physiques pour l’augmentation des performances vers le noeud 28nm

Abstract : Flash memory circuits are embedded in almost every aspect of modern life as their ones and zeros represent the data that is stored on smart cards and in the sensors around us. In floating gate flash memories this data is represented by the amount of charge stored on a poly-Si gate, isolated by a tunneling oxide and an Inter Gate Dielectric (IGD). As the microelectronics industry’s researchers and engineering continuously push the scaling limits, the ability of the devices to hold their information may become compromised. Even the loss of one electron per day is too much and would result in the failure to retain the data for ten years. At such low current densities, the direct measurement of the leakage current is impossible. This thesis presents a new way, Oxide Stress Separation, to measure these currents by following the changes in the threshold voltage of the flash cell. The novelty of the technique is that the biasing conditions are selected such that the stress occurs entirely in the IGD, allowing for the reconstruction of an IV curve of the IGD at low biases. This thesis also describes the process changes necessary to integrate the world’s first 40 nm embedded flash based on an alumina IGD, in replacement of the standard SiO2/Si3N4/SiO2. The interest in high-k materials comes from the motivation to make an IGD that is electrically thin to increase coupling while being physically thick to block charge transport. As embedded flash at the 40 nm node nears production, the approach to be taken in future nodes must also be discussed. This provides the motivation for the final chapter of the thesis which discusses the co-integration of the different IGDs with logic devices having the high-k metal gates necessary at 28 nm and beyond.
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Adam Dobri. Mémoires embarquées non volatiles à grille flottante : challenges technologiques et physiques pour l’augmentation des performances vers le noeud 28nm. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAT030⟩. ⟨tel-01693008⟩

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