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Theses

Caractérisation géométrique d’organes tubulaires

Abstract : This thesis is dedicated to the study of tubular organs, such as blood vessels, bronchii, or neurons. Several diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for bronchii, distort the structure of tubular organs. Several tools are necessary in order to make precise and reproducible measurements and to track the organ over time. The main goal of this thesis is to define new tools for the automatic characterization of tubular organs. This characterization is based on the geometrical analysis from a segmentation. There are various state-of-the-art methods to perform geometrical measurements, but some of them require to extract alternative representations from the organ. In this thesis, we focus on two of these : curvilinear skeletons and 2D planes computed from the axis of the tube. Our first contribution is a method for the precise estimation of orthogonal planes. In addition, we propose a skeletonization algorithm as well as methods to improve existing skeletons. At the end of this manuscript, we introduce a method from a work in progress which allows to filter tubular structures in grayscale images.
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Florent Grelard. Caractérisation géométrique d’organes tubulaires. Autre [cs.OH]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0815⟩. ⟨tel-01692193⟩

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