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Carrières d'enseignantes d'Education Physique en Irlande : approche socio-anthropologique

Abstract : Our research project is a sociological investigation into the careers of physical education (PE) teachers in Ireland.Our enquiry focuses firstly on an enhanced analysis of the literature within the context of the newly established Republic of Ireland. Secondly, it draws on extensive qualitative interviews of female PE teachers which reveal women teachers lacking legitimization within their own profession. It does this by setting standards rooted in the notion of the perfect athlete, supported by input from the military and medical worlds. This in turn is subject to the interdependence of the Catholic Church and the state. H.S Becker’s approach to the concept of career allows for a diachronic and synchronic interpretation of the data collected. Here, the choices made by the female PE teacher and the rationale behind them are clarified. This enquiry also aims to understand the development of womanhood in its varied forms when both the educational environment and the body are subject to religious tradition. We therefore developed a typology (Max Weber) of our respondents' careers and identified a ‘stable’ type of career, a ‘breaking’ type and a ‘progressive’ one. Our findings here suggest an ambivalence in the careers of PE teachers in Ireland – characterised first by a transgression of gender norms when practising sports. However, through their commitment, female PE teachers have achieved a tenacious spirit in the face of gender stereotypes and their influence on education.
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Élise Awaïda Carton. Carrières d'enseignantes d'Education Physique en Irlande : approche socio-anthropologique. Education. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR038⟩. ⟨tel-01691990⟩

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