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Étude des constructions verbales scientifiques dans une perspective didactique : utilisation des corpus dans le diagnostic des besoins langagiers en FLE à l'aide des techniques de TAL

Abstract : The present study focuses on scientific verb constructions, i.e., the lexicon situated between general language and terminology and which is used for scientific expressions, whose rhetorical and pragmatic function must be mastered while writing scientific discourse. Based on the Corpus Pattern Analysis model, we develop a lexical resource of verb patterns using NLP techniques, which include collocations and recurring verbal constructions. The purpose of this resource is to help non-native speakers to write their academic writings in French.From an educational point of view, in order to understand better the difficulties of foreign students with regard to scientific verb constructions, we establish a diagnosis which includes the analysis of both errors and cases of overuse and underuse (notably compared to native students). The results show that both unexperienced natives and non-natives have to face difficulties related to discourse genre. In order to answer these linguistic needs, we suggest that a verb pattern resource should be integrated into corpus-based teaching of academic writing so as to help students gain autonomy in corpus manipulation.
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Rui Yan. Étude des constructions verbales scientifiques dans une perspective didactique : utilisation des corpus dans le diagnostic des besoins langagiers en FLE à l'aide des techniques de TAL. Linguistique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAL007⟩. ⟨tel-01691923⟩

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