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Autisme et architecture : l'exploration des troubles du spectre autistique en relation avec les paramètres architecturaux de leurs lieux de vie

Abstract : The research undertaken in this thesis project was to study the possible effects of differentcomponents of the architectural framework on the adaptation of adults with autism, and theclinical expression of their symptoms associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Theresearch consisted of an inventory of the main points known on the issue at this time, bothfrom a theoretical point of view (description of the concepts and literature review of existingstudies) and practical (exploratory methodology applied to the field). As our goals were toestablish specific assumptions about the impact of architectural features of the environmenton the clinical condition of people with ASD, a clinical component and an architecturalcomponent were carried out jointly to represent the inter-disciplinarity necessary to meet thecommon and complementary objectives of this research. This manuscript presents themethodology used in the clinical evaluation of adults with ASD who live in healthcare andmedico-social institutions (in France, “Foyers d’Accueil Médicalisé” and “Maison d’AccueilSpécialisée”) and the architectural characterizations protocol of the spaces/time everyday lifein these institutions. We report, in the first instance, the description of the studied populationand the characteristics of the living spaces that are dedicated to it. In a second step, we presentthe results obtained by the conceptualization of multilevel analysis models/multivariate interdisciplinaryof the collected data (N = 21 care institutions, N = 148 residents). We discuss thepossible interpretations formulated in the forms of exploratory hypotheses betweenarchitectural characterization parameters and behavioral and sensory evaluations of adultswith ASD. Finally, we discuss avenues for further research in order to refine ourunderstanding of the environmental factors that can generate and/or attenuate behavioral andsensory processing disorders observed in individuals with ASD.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 24, 2018 - 11:09:14 AM
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Lucie Longuepee. Autisme et architecture : l'exploration des troubles du spectre autistique en relation avec les paramètres architecturaux de leurs lieux de vie. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAS051⟩. ⟨tel-01691650⟩

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