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Caractérisation des interactions moléculaires entre la GTPase Rac1 et son régulateur HACE1 : perspectives en infectiologie et en cancérologie

Abstract : The small GTPase Rac1 plays a key role in various intracellular signaling pathways including cell proliferation. Our laboratory has shown that the CNF1 toxin, produced by pathogenic Escherichia coli, catalyzes the activation of Rac1. We also identified the role of the E3 ubiquitin-ligase HACE1, a tumor suppressor, in the regulation by ubiquitylation of active Rac1. If the activated form of Rac1 is proved to be a target of HACE1, the mode of interaction between these two proteins remains to be define as well as the role of these interactions in infection and cancer. The aim of my work was to characterize the molecular interactions between HACE1 and Rac1. We tested the hypothesis that HACE1 point mutations identified in cancers could interfere with its interaction with Rac1 and its ability to control cell growth. We showed that 13 cancer-associated somatic mutations of HACE1, led to a defective control of cell proliferation. Moreover, the study of these mutations allowed us to identify a group of amino acids, located on the ankyrin-repeats 5 to 7 of HACE1, which controls the interaction of HACE1 with Rac1 and thus its ubiquitylation. We also identified a role for the intermediate domain of HACE1 (MID) in conferring the specificity of association of HACE1 to the active form of Rac1. Ultimately, the characterization of interaction mutants between HACE1 and Rac1 as well as the effect of the CNF1 toxin on this signaling axis will give us more insight on this regulatory pathway in cancer and infection.
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Romain Lotte. Caractérisation des interactions moléculaires entre la GTPase Rac1 et son régulateur HACE1 : perspectives en infectiologie et en cancérologie. Sciences agricoles. COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015 - 2019), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR4087⟩. ⟨tel-01691548⟩

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