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Etude des liens entre fonctionnement exécutif, cognition sociale et facteurs psychopathologiques dans le contexte de l'obésité pédiatrique

Abstract : Childhood obesity is currently considered as a major public health concern with a multifactorial origin. Psychological, emotional, social or behavioral regulation disorders have emerged as potential determinants, through clinical and neurobiological researches on developmental obesity. This doctoral thesis will focus on those multiple factors as well as cognitive states through an integrative approach and their reciprocal influences on childhood obesity. We hence proposed an investigation of social, psychological and emotional life ( depression, anxiety, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction ),cognitive abilities ( intelligence, executive functions ),socio-cognitive and cognitive-affective processes ( alexithymia, emotional processing and regulation, empathy ) in children and adolescents with, versus without, severe obesity. Results show a growing and heterogeneous psychopathological symptomatology in adolescents with severe obesity, as well as high levels of alexithymia. We also find some significant cognitive difficulties, mostly executive, thereby contributing to psychological and emotional disorders. Lastly, results show these troubles have a severe impact on eating behavior and body dissatisfaction. This integrative approach highlights the need to adapt the current medical care of childhood obesity, considering the cognitive and affective profile of every child.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01690688
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 23, 2018 - 12:05:08 PM
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Bertrand Schoentgen. Etude des liens entre fonctionnement exécutif, cognition sociale et facteurs psychopathologiques dans le contexte de l'obésité pédiatrique. Psychologie. Université d'Angers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0008⟩. ⟨tel-01690688⟩

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