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Ethique et pratique de la relation : l'oeuvre poétique de Lorand Gaspar

Abstract : The work of Lorand Gaspar shows a constant concern about proposing a poetical approach of the fact of living founded on non-discrimination, from the body to ideas, from cultures to nature. The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the modalities of this approach, in order to clarify some of its main principles, poetics but also ethics, as aiming to promote a both demanding and harmonious conception of the individual facing reality. For this, a reading of the poetic works which have seemed the most representatives has first been chosen, in order to identify, through the study of texts and especially philological study, a global progress of the work as performing dynamical representations of existence. Those representations being based on relations, between the subject, his environment and figures of otherness, it has seemed relevant, in a second time, to study more specific relations in the poetical practice itself, relations to the visual arts, to disciplines such as natural sciences, history of medicine, history and ethnology, and finally to other poets, particularly George Seferis and Rainer Maria Rilke. Always as much as possible focused on the detail of the texts, with a particular attention to the possible polysemies and intertexts, those readings, based on both poetical and narrative writings, have tended to highlight the ethical purpose of representing the otherness. Lastly, a third step of the reflection, joining the philological reading to a thematic approach, through a review of the treatment in some poetic writings and essays of questions such as violence and the meaning of history, Orient and its inhabitants, and poetry as a humanist commitment, aims to study in the work of Lorand Gaspar the process of an ethic both poetical and existential, and to point out its importance in contemporary debates.
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Jean-Baptiste Bernard. Ethique et pratique de la relation : l'oeuvre poétique de Lorand Gaspar. Littératures. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAL033⟩. ⟨tel-01690654⟩

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