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Analyse hiérarchisée de la robustesse des systèmes incertains de grande dimension

Abstract : This PhD thesis concerns robustness analysis (stability and performance) of uncertain large scale systems with hierarchical structure. These systems are obtained by interconnecting several uncertain sub-systems through a hierarchical topology. Robustness analysis of these systems is a two aspect problem: robustness and large scale. The efficient resolution of this problem using usual approaches is difficult, even impossible, due to the high complexity and the large size of the associated optimization problem. The consequence of this complexity is an important increase of the computation time required to solve this optimization problem. In order to reduce this computation time, the existing results in the literature focus on particular classes of uncertain linear large scale systems. Furthermore, the hierarchical structure of the large scale system is not taken into account, which means, from our point of view, that these results have several limitations on different levels. Our objective is to exploit the hierarchical structure to obtain a set of small scale size optimization problems instead of one large scale optimization problem which will result in an important decrease in the computation time. Furthermore, another advantage of this approach is the possibility of solving these small scale optimization problems in the same time using parallel computing. In order to take into account the hierarchical structure, we model the uncertain large scale system as the interconnection of uncertain sub-systems which themselves are the interconnection of other uncertain sub-systems, etc.. This recursive modelling is performed at several hierarchical levels. In order to reduce the representation complexity of uncertain systems, we construct a basis of dissipativity properties for each uncertain sub-system at each hierarchical level. This basis contains several elements which characterize different useful information about uncertain system behaviour. Examples of such characterizations are: uncertain phase characterization, uncertain gain characterization, etc.. Obtaining each of these elements is relaxed as convex or quasi-convex optimization problem under LMI constraints. Robustness analysis of uncertain large scale systems is then performed in a hierarchical way by propagating these dissipativity property bases from one hierarchical level to another. We propose two hierarchical analysis algorithms which allow to reduce the computation time required to perform the robustness analysis of the large scale systems. Another key point of these algorithms is the possibility to be performed in parallel at each hierarchical level. The advantage of performing robustness analysis in parallel is an important decrease of the required computation time. Finally and within the same context of robustness analysis of uncertain large scale systems, we are interested in robustness analysis of power networks and more precisely in "the uncertain power flow analysis in distribution networks". The renewable energy resources such as solar panels and wind turbines are influenced by many factors: wind, solar irradiance, etc.. Therefore, the power generated by these resources is intermittent, variable and difficult to predict. The integration of such resources in power networks will influence the network performances by introducing uncertainties on the different network voltages. The analysis of the impact of power uncertainties on the voltages is called "uncertain power flow analysis". Obtaining the boundaries for the different modulus of these voltages is formulated as a convex optimization problem under LMI constraints
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Khaled Laib. Analyse hiérarchisée de la robustesse des systèmes incertains de grande dimension. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEC027⟩. ⟨tel-01689820⟩

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