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Theses

Error estimation for linear and nonlinear eigenvalue problems arising from electronic structure calculation

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to provide error bounds for linear and nonlinear eigenvalue problems arising from electronic structure calculation. We focus on ground-state calculations based on Density Functional Theory, including Kohn-Sham models. Our bounds mostly rely on a posteriori error analysis. More precisely, we start by studying a phenomenon of discretization error cancellation for a simple linear eigenvalue problem, for which analytical solutions are available. The mathematical study is based on an a priori analysis for the energy error. Then, we present an a posteriori analysis for the Laplace eigenvalue problem discretized with finite elements. For simple eigenvalues of the Laplace operator and their corresponding eigenvectors , we provide guaranteed, fully computable and efficient error bounds. Thereafter, we focus on nonlinear eigenvalue problems. First, we provide an a posteriori analysis for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The error bounds are valid under assumptions that can be numerically checked, and can be separated in two components coming respectively from the discretization and the iterative algorithm used to solve the nonlinear eigenvalue problem. Balancing these error components allows to optimize the computational resources. Second, we present a post-processing method for the Kohn-Sham problem, which improves the accuracy of planewave computations of ground state orbitals at a low computational cost. The post-processed solutions can be used either as a more precise solution of the problem, or used for computing an estimation of the discretization error. This estimation is not guaranteed, but in practice close to the real error.
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Geneviève Dusson. Error estimation for linear and nonlinear eigenvalue problems arising from electronic structure calculation. Mathematical Physics [math-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066238⟩. ⟨tel-01689793⟩

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