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Chimie de surface de nanoparticules de ruthénium : approches théoriques

Abstract : Surface chemistry of small metallic nanoparticles ( ~ 1 nm), mainly ruthenium or ruthenium alloys, has been studied at the DFT level via a theoretical approach. This study is supported by the development of analytical tools, that allow to investigate structural, electronic and thermodynamical properties of those nanoparticles. A first part is dedicated to the structural properties of metallic nanoparticles. Morphological diversity is highlighted as well as the necessity of being able to desing reliable models. The refinement of structural models is made possible via the combined use of generic nanoparticles structure design and of the reverse Monte Carlo method in order to fit experiments. Electronic or morphologic descriptors such as d-band center or generalized coordination number are applied to those nanoparticles, in relationship with their adsorption possibilities and, to a larger extent, with the Sabatier principle. An electronic descriptor of the chemical bond (COHP) is applied to the considered nanoparticles in order to show differences between structures, as well as the interactions within the metallic core and between the core and surface species. Finally, adsorption of surface species is studied. A single ligand probe is used to spot favorable adsorption sites, then higher coverages are considered so as to test its influence on the adsorption of extra ligands, and to investigate the effect of surface ligands on the metallic core morphology. To do this, thermodynamical properties of adsorbed systems have been modeled by taking into account the effect of pressure and temperature on the nanoparticles relative stabilities via ab initio thermodynamics. The same approache was eventually applied to H2/CO coadsorbed at ruthenium and rhenium nanoparticles surface, in the context of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, allowing to propose a thermodynamically favorable intermediate for this reaction. Preliminary study of this reaction, of high chemical and societal interest, conclude this manuscript. The combined use of structural, electronic and thermodynamical approaches widens the overview on some aspects of ruthenium nanoparticles chemistry
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  • HAL Id : tel-01688282, version 1

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Lucy Cusinato. Chimie de surface de nanoparticules de ruthénium : approches théoriques. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU30198⟩. ⟨tel-01688282⟩

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