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Etude du comportement mécanique d'un hydrure intermétallique utilisé pour le stokage d'hydrogène

Abstract : It is harder and harder to find fossil fuels and it becomes therefore more and more expensive. Furthermore the environmental impacts of energy are more and more taken into account. For those reasons new solutions to produce, store, transport energy are currently researched and/or developed. Among those solutions, hydrogen system could be a good solution depending and how its main parts (production, storage, supply and use) are improved.This PhD is relative to hydrogen storage in intermetallic hydride compouds. Hydrogen tanks using these kind of materials have to allow good thermal control of the hydride powder especially because of the exothermicity of the hydriding and endothermicity of the unhydriding reaction. That's why the internal architecture of these vessels are often cellular, the cell walls playing the role of a thermal conductor. If the thermal aspects relative to these tanks are often studied, it is not the case of the mechanical phenomenon induced by the swelling and shrinking of the grains during absorption and desorption of hydrogène by the material. However, the mechanical interaction between the powder and the cell walls could endanger the tank.This PhD consists of two main parts. The first part is a mechanical study of the behavior of a Ti-Cr-V compound while the second is a mechanical modelling and analysis mainly by the Discretes Elements Method (DEM). Thanks to this work the main features and mechanical properties of the hydride (granulometry, matrix compaction, granular flow, powder density …) and their evolution due to cycling were measured. The influence of hydride grains rearrangement induced by hydride breathing were analysed experimentally. It lead to a progressive densification of the powder bed in instrumented cells that resulted in a decrease of porosity and an increase of stresses on cell walls. This effect was reproduced in discrete elements simulations of spherical and clump particles.
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Benoit Charlas. Etude du comportement mécanique d'un hydrure intermétallique utilisé pour le stokage d'hydrogène. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENI101⟩. ⟨tel-01687759⟩

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