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Systèmes microfluidiques sur support souple et étirable

Abstract : Mechanical properties of hyper elastic elastomers provide new opportunities to captors, radio frequencies antennas and soft robots. This work is focused on the study of a hyper elastic material called Ecoflex and on its integration in microfluidic systems using its exceptional mechanical properties.First, material's mechanical properties were investigated during membrane blowing experiments. Simulations based on the phenomenological model of Mooney-Rivlin were developed and validated. These results were useful to the development of two applications.First application of hyper elastic system is an elongation sensor. Electro fluidic sensors combine Ecoflex's hyper elastic properties and Galinstan's electrical properties. Galinstan is a metallic alloy which is liquid at room temperature. A microchannel molded in the elastomer and filled with the liquid metal form an electrical resistance. Sensor's deformation induces a geometrical change into the channel and therefore a variation of the electrical resistance. Characterization tests performed on these sensors showed capabilities to measure large elongations and reversibly without loss of electrical contact. An elongation of the sensor's length by a factor 4 involves an increase of the electrical resistance by a factor 8 providing a good sensibility of the system. Results according to the sensor's geometry are discussed using simulation tools, analytical study and experimental data.Second application is the development of hyper elastic reservoirs integrated into microfluidic cards. Inspired from membrane blowing tests, they are able to store volumes from few microliters to milliliters of reagents without taking too much place on the microfluidic cards' surface. Membranes' elasticity naturally pressurizes the reservoir when it is filled and a simple optical edge detection method gives the internal volume in real time. Combined with pneumatic valves these reservoirs inject precise volumes into a microfluidic network. Different microfluidic systems were developed, a simple reservoir with two valves for the characterizations and cards with multiple reservoirs to realize complex protocols like on demand dilution or automated ELISA test.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01687395, version 1

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Florian Pineda. Systèmes microfluidiques sur support souple et étirable. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAY093⟩. ⟨tel-01687395⟩

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