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Synthèse et caractérisations de nouveaux polyesters biodégradables dérivés du poly (acide 3,3-diméthylmalique) comme revêtement prometteur de stents cardiovasculaires.

Abstract : With the exception of bibliographic chapter, this thesis was written in the format of collection of articles with abstracts and discussions while comparing the results with other’s in the literature in the same research theme. This work is organized in three tasks: organic synthesis and stereochemistry of polymers, surface physicochemical properties and biological response and degradation study of polymers. The issue of this thesis is based on in-stent restenosis which represents the major complications of angioplasty with stent placement. Drug-eluting stents are currently the solution used for the restenosis treatment. These are metal stents coated with a polymer having a bioactive substance which is generally an antiproliferative agent. The polymer role is to create a protective barrier between the metal and the arterial wall. This barrier must improve the roughness and the chemical composition of the metallic stent, repair the endothelium by the proliferation of endothelial cells and inhibit the proliferation and the migration of smooth muscle cells which are responsible to the reformation of atheroma plaque. The surface properties confer to polymer a strong adhesiveness to the metal and biocompatibility vis-a-vis of the arterial wall. Interaction created between the polymer coating and vascular cells are modulated by the physicochemical properties of the surface. It is in this context that my thesis is organized into two themes.The first aim of my thesis is to develop a series of amorphous polymers and study their physicochemical (wettability, roughness ...) and biological properties (adhesion, cell behavior and proliferation) and then correlate these properties to choose the promising coating coronary stent. A degradation study was also conducted on elaborate systems. The second is dedicated to chemical synthesis and stereochemistry of polymers. Indeed, new optically active monomers and the corresponding stereopolyesters were synthesized and characterized in order to compare their physicochemical properties with those of amorphous polyesters studied as a coating of the stent and enhance the biomaterials field.
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Rima Belibel. Synthèse et caractérisations de nouveaux polyesters biodégradables dérivés du poly (acide 3,3-diméthylmalique) comme revêtement prometteur de stents cardiovasculaires.. Autre. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCD065⟩. ⟨tel-01687097⟩

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