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Les traditions rupestres du Salvador : un art à la charnière de la Mésoamérique et de l'Aire Intermédiaire

Abstract : The rock art of El Salvador is an original legacy rooted in all regions of the country. Rock production was supported during the pre-Hispanic era as shown in 70 sites highlighted by bibliographical research and field projects. If the Salvadorian rock art has been the subject of scientific publications at the end of the 19e century, be bad until now never given rise to synthetic study. A significant investment in research in the field enabled us to save half of the studied deposits. Stratigraphic surveys made on 11 rock art sites in El Salvador, in order to better control the framework chronological and cultural, but also beyond its borders to the Honduras. Records of visited sites helped develop a typological classification of the rock art manifestations. On the basis of the information gathered, a database was created and introduced into a system of geographic information. Thanks to this tool, the spatial analysis reveals rock art traditions -deposits with common iconographic and morphological features, whose geographical spread constitute partitioned territories. Using the archaeological information and studies of the linguistic groups, we have tried to restore the rock art traditions in their chrono-cultural context. They fit into the history of El Salvador and bring us new information about pre-Hispanic cultural borders in an area of interactions between Mesoamerica and middle area.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 17, 2018 - 4:40:10 PM
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Philippe Costa. Les traditions rupestres du Salvador : un art à la charnière de la Mésoamérique et de l'Aire Intermédiaire. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H026⟩. ⟨tel-01686733⟩

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