Caractérisation Structurale et Biochimique de la Nucléoprotéine des virus grippaux de type A, B et D

Abstract : Influenza virus is a negative RNA virus belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family which consists of 7 members including influenza viruses A, B, C and D. The viral genome comprises 7 to 8 ribonucleoprotein particles (RNP) in which the viral RNA (vRNA) is coated with multiple copies of nucleoproteins (NP) and is associated with the viral RNA polymerase by its 3 'and 5' ends. In this thesis, we first focused on the biochemical study of NP A and NP B and we demonstrate that there are different behaviors with regard to their oligomerization properties in the presence or absence of RNA and as a function of the salt concentration. For the first time we were able to observe a structure very similar to RNP which was reconstituted only from NP A and a 12 nucleotide RNA. Thus, we formulate the hypothesis that 12 nucleotides of the RNA would bind NP with a very strong affinity while the rest of the RNA would bind NP with a lower affinity. In parallel, we solved the crystallographic structure of the nucleoprotein of influenza D virus and we characterized its interaction with human importin-α7. Finally, we studied the binding of RNA on NP D and we demonstrated the importance of the C-terminal end in the RNA binding process. This thesis project made it possible to formulate new hypotheses concerning the functioning of the influenza virus and to include this thesis project in a global dynamic of combating the influenza virus.
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Alice Tissot. Caractérisation Structurale et Biochimique de la Nucléoprotéine des virus grippaux de type A, B et D. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAV014⟩. ⟨tel-01686263⟩

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