Etude expérimentale de l'interaction d'une détonation gazeuse avec un spray d'eau

Abstract : The interaction between a gaseous detonation and a water spray was experimentally studied in a 4 m high vertical detonation tube with a 52 mm by 52 mm square section. Detonation pressure signals, average velocity and cellular patterns were recorded.The spray, produced by an ultrasonic generator and injected at the bottom of the tube, was characterized by the Phase Doppler Interferometry (PDI) method. The spray analysis revealed an average droplet diameter of10 μm with Liquid Water Content (LWC) up to 200-250 g/m3. The first study compared the detonation and spray lengths in stoichiometric CzH4-02-Ar-H20(l) mixtures for argon dilution ranging from 3 to 28 and water mass fraction up to Y ttzo 15%. Two distinct behaviors were revealed, driven by the length of the induction zone compared to the secondary breakup length of the spray droplets. It is found that in the ideal case where the hydrodynamic thickness (representing the average length between the shock and the sonic surface) encompass the endothermic multiphase processes, the experimental detonation velocity is equivalent to the Ideal Chapman Jouguet multiphase velocity, which is lower than the ideal detonation velocity in a dry mixture. Moreover, when the induction length is shorter than the secondary breakup length, the water vapor produced by the droplets breakup is not involved in the cellular structure enlargement.The second study highlighted the influence of the water spray on the cellular structure regularity, by using mixtures of CzH.-02-28Ar-H20(l) and C2H.-02-N2-H20(l) with various equivalence ratio. The experiments show that irregular detonations are more resilient compared to regular ones. Moreover the loss of the detonation regularity generated by the water spray addition and the increase in both the reduced activation energy Ea/RTvn and the stability factor are responsible for the sub-structure generation, similar as the one observed in initially irregular detonation. Furthermore, ZND computations indicated that water mainly 5played a thermal role by diluting the reactive gaseous mixture and seemed to have a limited impact on the kinetic nrocesses.
Keywords : Gaseous detonation
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Geoffrey Jarsale. Etude expérimentale de l'interaction d'une détonation gazeuse avec un spray d'eau. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ESMA0021⟩. ⟨tel-01685743⟩

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