Modélisation en cyclage-fluage du comportement mécanique d'un liner thermoplastique collapsé utilisé dans les réservoirs de stockage d'hydrogène gazeux

Abstract : Hyperbaric hydrogen storage vessels of type IV are encountering success for portable applications of fuel cell. During their use, these cylindric containers undergo repeated fill in/fill out cycles of H2-gaz. Under specific fillout conditions, an emerging detachment between the sealing inner layer (liner) and the composite wall, can be observed. This layer debonding also called collapse may limit the pressure release rate of H2-vessels or increase the residual gas pressure prescribed to avoid collapse.Experimental studies have been conducted by Air Liquide at vessel scale to identify some parameters responsible for the collapse onset. But the high cost of these studies and the complexity of the operating conditions makes the use of numerical tools necessary. That led to a numerical modeling approach. The main goal in the numerical approach is to model the cyclic mechanical response of a collapsed liner under fatigue – creep loadings.In this thesis, the purpose was to develop a mechanical constitutive law able to predict the cyclic deformation of a collapsed liner subjected to hydrogen pressure cycles.The liner was subjected to several environment variations due to: (i) the presence of residual water into the liner after initial hydraulic vessel tests, (ii) the temperature changes caused by the hydrogen compression/expansion, and (iii) the hydrogen diffusion/saturation. So, a preliminary work consisted in investigating the influence of each environmental factor on the polyamide 6 mechanical response. This first step allowed to outline a loading frame at laboratory scale that preserved main characteristics of the collapse phenomenon. Characterization tests on tensile specimens revealed that the liner could be modelled by a non linear viscoelastic law written within the thermodynamic framework of the irreversible processes in small deformations, and coupled with the temperature. Minor changes were introduced to extend the model capacity to capture liner behavior effects during fatigue – creep. These changes had negative impact on the manual method of model calibration, and consequently required to develop a specific identification strategy. The identification performance was assessed in different isothermal frames through stress rate, stress level and temperature effects. Then, the calibrated model was validated by taking temperature gradients into account, firstly on a tensile specimen, secondly within a H2-vessel.
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Guy Tantchou Yakam. Modélisation en cyclage-fluage du comportement mécanique d'un liner thermoplastique collapsé utilisé dans les réservoirs de stockage d'hydrogène gazeux. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ESMA0018⟩. ⟨tel-01685232⟩

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