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De la description à la prescription : recherches pour une phénoménologie de la normativité à partir de l'oeuvre de Husserl

Abstract : If some of phenomenology's heirs sought to free that which appears from the norms imposed upon it, it was not Husserl's main concern. He applied norms foremost to sense itself, which was then said to be «correct» or «incorrect». This was another way of saying that phenomenology could not avoid norms: no description without prescription, and without prescription to description. To say that the phenomenological project is essentially descriptive is to admit that norms keep out of the limelight in phenomenology. The first challenge of a phenomenology of norms is therefore to shine a spot upon them. Moreover, in its critical orientation, a phenomenology of norms must justify our right to posit and apply them normatively. As such, it is a phenomenology of the normative character of norms. Following Husserl's reflection, I will first consider the normative stakes linked to logic and then the other norms he recognized. As norms were assimilated to evidence or to some type of evidence, they all had a theoretical use. I will assume, however, that some norms may have a practical function. This hypothesis will encounter a major obstacle, as Husserl proposed to justify practical ougths by means of values instead of norms. By deconstructing each of the normative presuppositions that led Husserl to rely on values in ethics, I will pave the way for a phenomenological, normative and suspensive ethic.
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Marie-Helene Desmeules. De la description à la prescription : recherches pour une phénoménologie de la normativité à partir de l'oeuvre de Husserl. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Université Laval (Québec, Canada), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H208⟩. ⟨tel-01684739⟩

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