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Nanostructures de silicium par croissance chimique catalysée : une plate-forme pour des applications micro-supercondensateurs

Abstract : Supercapacitors are electrochemical energy storage devices which have been recently developed, and possess intermediate performances between dielectric capacitors and batteries. These components exhibit interesting power and energy densities, combined with an exceptional cycle life and an easy miniaturization. Supercapacitors are thus envisioned as energy storage solutions for electronic micro-devices, such as autonomous micro-sensors or implantable medical devices.In recent studies, CVD nanostructured silicon proved to be an excellent electrode material candidate for micro-supercapacitor applications. Bottom-up synthesis allows an exceptional control of the morphology and electrical properties of the obtained silicon nano-wires and nano-trees. Moreover, the nanostructured electrodes possess superior electrochemical and temperature stability. These arguments lead to consider silicon as an excellent platform for micro-supercapacitors applications.This PhD thesis details various ways to improve and use silicon nano-wires and nano-trees. The nanostructures have been subjected to a systematic optimization study, yielding a significant increase of the electrochemical performances of the electrodes, compared to previously published studies. In addition, surface functionalization using thin ALD alumina layers permitted a considerable increase of the supercapacitor voltage window and an improved electrochemical stability. Finally, “on-chip” nanostructure growth, and temperature stability studies of the device were conducted, opening a broad field of improvements and potential uses for these silicon nanostructures.
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Dorian Gaboriau. Nanostructures de silicium par croissance chimique catalysée : une plate-forme pour des applications micro-supercondensateurs. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAV073⟩. ⟨tel-01684724⟩

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