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Approximation numérique et modélisation de l'ablation liquide

Abstract : During atmospheric re-entry phase, a spacecraft undergoes a sudden increase of the temperature due to the friction of atmospheric gases. This rise drives to a physical-chemical degradation of the thermal protective system of the object made of composite material. A composite is made of several materials with ablates differently. In this thesis, we mainly focus on the melting of an object during its re-entry phase. Therefore there are three phases: solid, liquid and gas phases. In order to simulate this phenomenon, robust numerical methods have been developed to compute a compressible multiphase flow. The coupling strategy between the solid and the fluid have also been studied. Solvers developed in the present work are based on Finite Volume Method. A splitting strategy is used to compute compressible two-phase flows using the five-equation model with viscous and heat conduction effects. The main idea of the splitting is to separate the acoustic and dissipative phenomena from the transport one. An implicit treatment of the acoustic step is performed while the transport step is solved explicitly. The overall scheme resulting from this splitting operator strategy is very robust, conservative, and preserves contact discontinuities. The boundary interface condition between the solid and the multiphase flow is enforced by mass and energy balances at the wall. The melting front is tracked explicitly using an ALE formulation of the equations. The robustness of the approach and the interest of the semi-implicit formulation are demonstrated through numerical simulations in one and two dimensions on moving curvilinear grids.
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Simon Peluchon. Approximation numérique et modélisation de l'ablation liquide. Physique [physics]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0739⟩. ⟨tel-01684676⟩

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