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Theses

Utilisation de la maurocalcine dans des applications de délivrance intracellulaire de molécules ou de nanoparticules

Abstract : The Maurocalcine (MCa), an excellent cell penetrating peptide (CPP) from the scorpion venom, presents a real interest for the development of applications for the intracellular delivery of experimental or therapeutic molecules or particles. In order for these applications to be developed, the peptide previously underwent a series of optimization processes, such as the suppression of native biological activity and the removal of intramolecular disulfide bonds. In this research, we carried on the optimization by reducing the size of the MCa and then developed one among other possible applications of this peptide which consists of the vectorization of the intracellular Ca2+ nanobiosensor.The native size of MCa (33 residues) is much longer than the size of popular CPPs such as Tat and penetratin (13 and 16 residues, respectively). To reduce the size of the peptide, we truncated the previously designed linear MCa. Twelve new powerful small CPPs were produced, among which the MCaUF1-9 that was the best in cell penetration at low concentrations. Thus, the MCaUF1-9 appears very interesting for applications that require low concentrations. The MCaUF1-9 was further characterized and happened to be more efficient in cell penetration than the Tat, the penetratin, and other small analogous peptides derived from the peptides belonging to the same family as the MCa's, except from the hadrucalcineUF1-11 (HadUF1-11) and the hadrucalcinUF3-11 which showed best performance.As application, the most efficient analogous in cell penetration, the HadUF1-11, was efficiently utilized as a vector for the intracellular delivery of an intracellular Ca2+ nanobiosensor composed of a quantum dot coated with Ca2+ indicator (CaRuby) molecules.Small MCa analogous (derived from MCa or the other peptides of the calcine family) might be the choice CPPs for diverse intracellular delivery applications. In order to confirm this, their extensive characterization is necessary.Key words: Maurocalcine, hadrucalcine, nanoparticles, quantum dots, cell penetration, Ca2+ nanobiosensor.
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Eloi Kamugisha Bahembera. Utilisation de la maurocalcine dans des applications de délivrance intracellulaire de molécules ou de nanoparticules. Biologie cellulaire. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAV045⟩. ⟨tel-01684206⟩

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