Architecture et décor des clochers des églises rurales en Bourgogne du Sud ( XIe - XIIe siècles)

Abstract : This thesis studies South Burgundy small rural churches steeple focusing on their 11th-12th centuries architecture and wall decoration. These two elements can be either connected or unrelated. This opens the door to erroneous judgments when both are approached into a single classification. In fact, the first impression mural a decoration often conveys is reminiscent of the "first Romanesque art". However, building a wall out of simply squared rubble stones and heavy mortar corresponds to the proper use of available materials and does not automatically classify the steeples in "first Romanesque art". The analysis of constructive and decorative choices made by master masons and sponsoring benefactors across the corpus of 112 steeples considered in this research reveals the existence of a typical "standard" bell tower constructive design to which a mural decoration is added. This highlights the existence of a clear constant: the choice of construction materials, simple expensive, low-tech, while also fashionable. The recurrence of this model has played a unifying role in the Christian landscape the resulting from and aspired to by the Gregorian reform.
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Pascal Jaluzot. Architecture et décor des clochers des églises rurales en Bourgogne du Sud ( XIe - XIIe siècles). Art et histoire de l'art. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H021⟩. ⟨tel-01684195⟩

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