Fabrication et usages des poteries durant le Néolithique et la Protohistoire en Europe : les apports de l’archéologie biomoléculaire

Abstract : For more than 30 years, biomolecular archaeology has been concerned with investigating organic products, mainly lipids, absorbed within archaeological pottery walls during their use thanks to separation, structural and isotopic techniques. To study interactions between the ceramic matrix and lipids, still poorly understood, this doctoral project have been built through a holistic approach that aims to consider the entire pottery subsystem, from the sourcing of raw materials to the disposal of the vessel. For this purpose, archaeological potsherds from various chronological, geographical and cultural contexts (from the Jura to Sardinia, between the VIth and the Ist millennium BC) have been investigated using classical methods of biomolecular archaeology. Additionally a wide range of experiments and complementary analyses were undertaken through collaborative projects involving diverse fields (study of manufacturing techniques, petrography, material science, soil study, etc.). By exploring the considerable informative potential of lipids and precisely understanding their absorption and preservation mechanisms, specific chaînes opératoires (low temperature and/or short firing, post-firing surface treatments) have been revealed and vessel use and resource exploitation by Pre- and Protohistoric society from the Mediterranean and the Jura regions have been explored.
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Léa Drieu. Fabrication et usages des poteries durant le Néolithique et la Protohistoire en Europe : les apports de l’archéologie biomoléculaire. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR2020⟩. ⟨tel-01680424⟩

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