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Scalars in (Warped) Extra Dimensions : Climbing from the Bottom to the Top

Abstract : Almost two decades ago, the paradigm of extra-dimensional models addressing the gauge hierarchy problem attracted much attention through the elegant proposals of large, flat extra dimensions (EDs) - the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali or ADD model - and warped EDs - the Randall-Sundrum or RS model. In this thesis, we discuss several models inspired from such extra-dimensional scenarios. We start by introducing some key elements of field theory in five space-time dimensions and showing how such scenarios provide a solution to the hierarchy problem. Afterwards, in a first part of this work, we adopt a bottom-up approach and study several models containing Vector-Like Fermions (VLFs), which are typically predicted in ED frameworks. We show how adding Vector-Like Quarks (VLQs) to the Standard Model (SM) allows one to simultaneously explain the anomalies in the (i) b-quark forward-backward asymmetry measured at the Large Electron-Positron collider (LEP) and (ii) the tth production cross section measured at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Using the so-called Higgs decay ratios, we also estimate the sensitivity of the upgraded LHC, the High-Luminosity LHC, to the presence of VLQs. Then, we consider a Two-Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) extended with Vector-Like Leptons (VLLs) in order to fit the mysterious 750 GeV excess observed at LHC in late 2015. Within a similar model, we also explain the Dark Matter (DM) abundance in the Universe, our DM candidate being a neutral VLL, which is rendered stable by a suitable Z2 symmetry. Later on, in a second part of the thesis, we focus on the more concrete warped ED scenario endowed with a bulk custodial symmetry, which protects the model from large electroweak (EW) corrections. In this framework, we first interpret the 2 TeV diboson bump observed at LHC in 2015 as a superposition of Kaluza-Klein (KK) gauge bosons produced in the s-channel. Afterwards, we study the phenomenology of the mixed Higgs-radion scalar sector of the aforementioned model. In particular, we estimate the sensitivity of the LHC and of a future electron-positron collider (the International Linear Collider - ILC) to the existence of a radion via its production in association with a Z boson.
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Andrei Angelescu. Scalars in (Warped) Extra Dimensions : Climbing from the Bottom to the Top. High Energy Physics - Phenomenology [hep-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS312⟩. ⟨tel-01680119⟩

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