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Développement d’une nouvelle stratégie de protection chimique contre les moustiques vecteurs de maladies : utilisation d’une association répulsif/insecticide afin d’optimiser l’efficacité du traitement tout en réduisant les doses utilisées

Abstract : Today, most of the textiles used to limit contact with mosquitoes are impregnated with pyrethroid insecticides having both insecticidal and repellent activities. However, the development of resistance in mosquito populations reduces their efficacy. The new strategy proposed against mosquito-transmitted diseases is based on the potential synergy observed with the combination of two different compounds with insecticidal and repellent effects. In this context, the effects of two repellents DEET and IR3535 have been studied on neurosecretory cells isolated from the central nervous system of the cockroach Periplaneta Americana. Using calcium imaging, both DEET and IR3535 induce a dose-dependent complex elevation of intracellular calcium concentration. Specific pharmacological tools have allowed to characterize the different targets together with the molecular events involved in the repellent-induced calcium rise. From these results, it has been possible to identify IR3535 as the most suitable compound to be used in association with the insecticide neonicotinoid, thiacloprid. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique adapted on isolated insect neurons, the synergistic effect of the IR3535/thiacloprid mixture has been observed on the thiacloprid-induced current and the most efficient ratio between repellent and insecticide has also been determined. In addition, cone tests performed on in vivo mosquitoes confirm this synergistic effect, demonstrating that IR3535/thiacloprid mixture could bean alternative strategy in the management of chemical use against resistant mosquitoes.
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Mathilde Goulu. Développement d’une nouvelle stratégie de protection chimique contre les moustiques vecteurs de maladies : utilisation d’une association répulsif/insecticide afin d’optimiser l’efficacité du traitement tout en réduisant les doses utilisées. Sciences agricoles. Université d'Angers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ANGE0031⟩. ⟨tel-01679944⟩

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