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L'utilisation de la justice organisationnelle dans une démarche de prévention des risques psychosociaux

Abstract : In the context of intensification of work, psychosocial risks (PSR) have attracted great interest. Over the past few years, PSR prevention and the quality of worklife have become public health issues, and have more than ever drawn both private and public companies' attention. Beyond PSR factors such as job characteristics, the literature helped us identify organizational justice as a predictor of occupational health (Elovainio et al., 2003; Robbins et al., 2012). Our first study’s goal was to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms with which justice dimensions affect well-being and withdrawal variables. Our results revealed that justice perceptions act as a mediator in the relationship between job characteristics and well-being variables such as satisfaction, commitment, burnout (or emotional exhaustion), and withdrawal intentions, even if most of the time the mediation is partial. Indeed, some job characteristics, such as supervisory support maintain an important and direct predictive role, putting management at the center of the prevention system. Our second study focused on the introduction of organizational justice principles at the core of a PSR training course for executive staff in a hospital. Evaluating the effects of this action on the personnel's feelings of justice showed the utility of training the Executive staff in justice principles. Thus, we have been able to extend the scope of PSR prevention in the field by showing the pivotal role the principles of justice play in work design.
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Caroline Piasecki. L'utilisation de la justice organisationnelle dans une démarche de prévention des risques psychosociaux. Psychologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR2021⟩. ⟨tel-01679567⟩

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