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Etude QM/MM de systèmes bioluminescents

Abstract : The bioluminescence is a complex process that involves the reaction of a substrate, catalysed by an enzyme that sheds light in the visible spectra. In fireflies, the light emitted has a yellow-green tone thanks to the interaction between the substrate luciferin and the protein luciferase. However the size and the complexity of the system prevent its comprehension especially when dealing with the reaction mechanism.The use of computational chemistry is key to understand and improve the comprehension of the bioluminescence. The hybrid QM/MM method that combines quantum mechanics with molecular mechanics is a great tool to model and study bioluminescent systems.This thesis deals with two different approaches of the bioluminescence in fireflies. The first one is related to the study of chemical modifications that tune the emission colour. We will discuss about one analogue of the luciferin and on new luciferases from others bioluminescent species. The goals of this study are to rationalise and predict both the effect and the impact of these modifications on the emission. The second subject deals with two different steps of the bioluminescent mechanism. The first one discusses the binding of the dioxygen to the bioluminescent intermediate, which was so far unstudied and the second one about the tautomerization in the excited state and in the protein of two possible emissive forms of the luciferin
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 9, 2018 - 6:17:47 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01679340, version 1



Romain Berraud-Pache. Etude QM/MM de systèmes bioluminescents. Théorie spectrale [math.SP]. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1033⟩. ⟨tel-01679340⟩



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