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Caractérisation morphologique et moléculaire du néphroblastome, du blastème et de la région chromosomique 11p15 en particulier

Abstract : Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common tumor of the kidney in children aged under 5 years. Although the majority of children with WT survives, 10-15% relapse. The identification of new prognosis markers at diagnosis is necessary. We centralized the biological material of all French WTs included in the SIOP-2001 protocol. The blastema, the most aggressive histological component of these tumors, was characterized by qualitative (architectural and cytological aspect, proliferative and mitotic index) and quantitative analysis (amount and percentage). In collaboration with European teams Renal Tumor Study Group we characterized the structural abnormalities of the WT by Multiple Ligation Probe Amplification (MLPA). In addition, we focused on the 11p15 region, where the IGF2 gene is located, analyzing the structural abnormalities and methylation at different loci (IGF2-DMR0, ICR1, ICR2, H19) by MLPA and ASMM RTQ - PCR (TaqMan allele-specific methylated multiplex quantitative real-time PCR). We also studied the expression of IGF2 by RT-QPCR. A final part of our study focused on the characterization of intratumoral immune response by immunohistochemistry (CD3, CD4, CD8, PD1, PDL1). In conclusion, we identified potential prognostic markers for the management of WTs: volume and percentage of blastema, mitotic and proliferation index, loss of IGF2 methylation-DMR0 and CD4 / CD8 ratio. This could contribute to the determination of a new bio-pathological classification of WT.
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Linda Dainese. Caractérisation morphologique et moléculaire du néphroblastome, du blastème et de la région chromosomique 11p15 en particulier. Cancer. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066738⟩. ⟨tel-01677219⟩

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